• Sugar CrashOur Guide to managing Diabetes


    What is Diabetes?

    Diabetes is a condition that occurs when the amount of glucose in your blood is too high. Your body needs to utilise glucose to create energy to get you through your day.

    Managing diabetes is all about balancing your blood glucose level and ensuring it stays at a safe level.




    Hyperglycaemia (a high blood glucose level - usually above >180mg/dL) occurs when your body is unable to remove sugar from your blood and convert it into energy.

    People experiencing high blood sugar are at risk of having the symptoms shown opposite over time.

    Recurrent infections  
    Urinating frequently  




    Hypoglycaemia refers to a dangerously low blood glucose level – usually below 70mg/dL.

    Hypoglycaemia happens when your blood sugar is low. It is normally triggered in people with diabetes if meals are missed, by exercising too hard or taking too much insulin.

    When blood sugar is too low most people experience the early warning signs opposite.

    In extreme cases low blood sugar levels can lead to unconsciousness.


    What to do for symptoms of HYPERGLYCAEMIA


    Treating hyperglycaemia depends on the type of diabetes you have and how you've been advised to manage your glucose levels.

    You should follow the advice of your doctor or specialist which may include increasing your medication (tablets or insulin) dosage, avoiding high-sugar foods and exercising more.


    What to do for symptoms of HYPOGLYCAEMIA


    If you or someone else shows these symptoms of hypoglycaemia the best thing is to eat food or have a drink that contains fast absorbing sugars, such as dextrose tablets or fruit juice.

    If things get more serious there can be a loss of consciousness - if this happens phone 999 straight away. No food or drink should ever be given to someone who is already unconscious.


    How to prevent attacks


    The key to prevention is monitoring your blood glucose levels regularly to understand the right balance of diet and insulin.

    Try to carry rapid acting carbohydrates like fruit juice, honey, glucose tablets, raisins or sweets with you at all times and remember that sweet foods that are high in fat (such as chocolate) may not work as quickly.

    Educate your family, friends and colleagues about the symptoms and treatments so they're equipped to support you when you need them.

    Things to avoid

    Exercising on an empty stomach  
    Drinking Alcohol  
    Missing meals  

    Tips to help with diabetes


    Eating a balanced diet and exercising more will help you get your levels under control, lose weight and become a happier person!

    If you don't have diabetes but experience any of the symptoms we've talked about then you should contact your GP to check your blood glucose levels.


    If you suffer from these symptoms of diabetes it is important that if you get into difficulty any first aider understands your condition. You can wear a bracelet, a necklace or carry a card with the details of your condition. Something as simple as this could save your life.

    Living with diabetes is all about monitoring and being in control of your blood sugar level.Try to recognise and learn to manage the symptoms but make sure you always have access to a phone in case the symptoms become unmanageable.

    Find out more about diabetes


    If you want to learn more about diabetes, whether it be for someone who has it or if you are concerned about yourself, then head over to our diabetes centre for all the information you'll need.