Yellow tongue can indeed be ‘one of those things’, that can be caused by numerous factors. The fact your dentist is not concerned is a sign that there is nothing to worry about. Do not be deterred to change your brushing habits- brushing twice daily is strongly recommended and use of mouthwash may help, as well as scraping your tongue to clear any build up of bacteria.
Yellow tongue usually occurs as a result of a harmless buildup of dead skin cells on the tiny projections (papillae) on the surface of your tongue. Most commonly this occurs when your papillae become enlarged and bacteria in your mouth produce colored pigments.
Also, the longer-than-normal papillae can easily trap cells that have shed, which become stained by tobacco, food or other substances. Mouth breathing or dry mouth may also be linked to yellow tongue. Rinsing your mouth following eating, drinking and smoking (if applicable) may also help discoloration.
Medical treatment for yellow tongue usually isn't necessary. If tongue discoloration bothers you, try gently brushing your tongue once a day. Rinse your mouth with water afterwards to wash away any bacteria removed.
Quitting smoking and increasing fibre in your diet also may help by decreasing the bacteria in your mouth that cause yellow tongue and reducing the buildup of dead skin cells.
If you are concerned about persistent discoloration of your tongue or your skin or the whites of your eyes also appear yellow, this may suggest jaundice and seeing your doctor is advised for further investigation.
The metallic taste can be caused for a number of reasons such as:
- Gum disease (if the gums bleed following cleaning)
- problems with the airways (such as a cold, sinus infection)
- Treatment side affects (antibiotics, antifungal medicine, antihistamines, chemotherapy, diuretics, nicotine patches). If you feel that medication may be causing the metallic taste, you can check the patient information leaflet.
In regards to the sensation that something is in the back of your throat whilst swallowing, many people experience this feeling right behind their tongue or tonsils. This feeling may vary from mild to severe and occur on and off, while others may persistently experience these symptoms.
Any area in the throat may be affected. If you experience occasional difficulties swallowing, it may not be a concern. It may be down to a dry mouth. However, persistent difficulties may require medical attention. There are two main causes for difficulty swallowing:
1. Something is blocking your throat or esophagus.
This could be due to food or an object, tonsillitis, gastric reflux, enlarged thyroid gland or in extreme cases, cancer.
2. The muscles and nerves in the throat and esophagus are not working right.
This may be due to a stroke, spinal injury, inflammatory conditions or spasms.
If this is a persistent sensation, it may be worth seeing your GP.
Do not be deterred with your oral hygiene and carry on with twice daily brushing, use of mouthwash and tongue scraper. Your Dentist would inform you if there was any concern but for peace of mind and a second opinion, you can always see your GP.
Answered by the Health at Hand nurses